Overview of Periodontal Disease:

Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Because periodontal disease is usually painless,  you may not know you have it.

Periodontal disease is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on the teeth and if unremoved turns into tartar. These bacteria create toxins that can damage the gums, forming pockets between the gums and teeth.

Read more about periodontal disease

here, from the

American Dental Association.


Periodontics & Implants, Ltd.

Richard C. Prendergast, D.D.S., M.S.

To contact us call:


636 Church Street

Suite 707

Evanston, IL 60201

Periodontal Disease Symptoms:


· Gums that bleed when you brush your teeth

· Red, swollen or tender gums

· Gums that have pulled away (receded) from the teeth

· Persistent bad breath

· Pus between your teeth and gums

· Sores in your mouth

· Loose teeth

· Change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite

· Change in the fit of partial dentures



Preventing Periodontal Disease:


· Brush your teeth well at least twice a day

· Clean between your teeth with floss or interdental cleaners every day

· Eat a balanced diet

· Do not smoke—smoking is a risk factor for gum disease, oral cancer and many other diseases

· Have dental checkups and professional cleanings regularly


Taken from the American Dental Association.  View their website to learn more.





Periodontal Disease

Helpful Websites with Information on Preventing Periodontal Disease:

The Many Forms of Periodontal Disease


“Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease.  It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily… Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care.”


“Untreated gingivitis can advance to periodontitis… Gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that become infected.  As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed.  Often, this destructive process has very mild symptoms.  Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.”

The most common forms of periodontitis include:

Aggressive periodontitis

“Occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy.  Common features include rapid attachment loss and bone destruction.”

Chronic periodontitis

“Results in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment and bone loss.  This is the most frequently occurring form of periodontitis and is characterized by pocket formation and/or recession of the gingival.  It is prevalent in adults, but can occur at any age.  Progression of attachment loss usually occurs slowly, but periods of rapid progression can occur.”

Information taken from the American Academy of Periodontology.

Visit their website to learn more about periodontal disease.



Normal, healthy gums

“Healthy gums and

bone anchor teeth

firmly in place.”



        Plaque and tartar build up, the gums recede, and pockets form between the teeth and gums.

        Advanced Periodontitis

        “The gums recede farther, destroying bone and periodontal ligament.”

 Teeth may need to be extracted.


Stages of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is associated with

many health conditions:


Heart attacks and cardiovascular disease – Bacteria from the mouth may cause clotting problems in the cardiovascular system.

Respiratory infections – Dental plaque buildup creates a dangerous source of bacteria that can be inhaled into the lungs.

Strokes – more common when gum disease exists.

Uncontrolled Diabetes – Gum disease complicates blood sugar management for the diabetic, and high blood sugar worsens gum disease.  People with type II diabetes are 3 times more likely to develop periodontal disease than are nondiabetics.

Preterm or low birthweight babies – Oral microbes can cross the placental barrier, exposing the fetus to infection. If you are considering becoming pregnant you should ask your dentist or periodontist what can be done to prevent oral health complications due to pregnancy and vice versa.

Severe Osteopenia – Reduction in bone mass (osteopenia) is associated with gum disease and related tooth loss.  This severity has been connected to tooth loss in postmenopausal women.

       Information taken from the Zila website.

Health Conditions and Periodontal Disease

Taken from the American Dental Association.  View their website to learn more.

Periodontal Disease Myths That Have Been Dispelled:


Fallacies About Gum Disease (American Academy of Periodontology)

See What Statistics Show:

The prevalence of periodontal disease for “Adults Age 20 to 64” and “Seniors over 65”