Dental implants are root-shaped supports that hold your replacement teeth. Placing dental implants following an extraction and socket grafting will provide the best long-lasting support for preserving your jawbone and allowing you to function as before.

See our Dental Implants page for more information.

Dental Implants

A crown lengthening is a procedure done to increase the length of tooth exposed above the gum line so that the tooth can be properly restored with a filling or crown.


Read more about the Crown Lengthening procedure on Colgate’s website.

Crown Lengthening

Osseous surgery is the periodontal procedure used to treat bone loss around single or multiple teeth.  It is directed at restoring and/or reshaping the bone, periodontal ligament and cementum that holds a tooth or teeth in place to their original levels damaged by periodontal disease, thus correcting the defects around the tooth.

If too much bone is lost due to periodontal disease, the teeth will need to be extracted.  Osseous surgery can prevent this.


Read more about Osseous Surgery on the “Simple Steps Dental” website.

Osseous Surgery

Extractions are performed when teeth are fractured or decayed beyond the point of  restoration.

Read more about what to expect from a tooth Extraction on the ADA website.


When one loses a tooth, as in an extraction, the surrounding bone collapses.

To preserve this bone, a bone graft is used.


Bone grafting is the replacement or augmentation of the bone around the teeth.  Once placed, bone graft material stimulates the production of new bone. It is a safe and effective method for preventing bone loss and at the same time provides support of the bony ridge for a fixed bridge pontic, a partial or full denture or even a dental implant.


Read more about Bone Grafting procedures on Colgate’s website.

Bone Graft & Membrane

A root covering graft (also called a connective tissue graft) is placed over the root to cover the already exposed root surface.  It increases the attached tissue and stops the progression of gingival recessions. 


A graft is a thin piece of connective tissue usually taken from the roof of the mouth.  The graft is usually placed over the area of recession, to strengthen the attached tissue, to prevent further decay on the root, to improve the esthetics and to reduce root sensitivity.


Read more about Connective Tissue Grafting procedures on the AAP website.

Connective Tissue Graft

Antibiotic therapy is a non-invasive treatment aimed at managing periodontal disease.  The antibiotic is gently applied directly below the gumline of the infected tooth.  Over the next few weeks, the antibiotic slowly releases into the tissue to try and improve the tissue area and stop the advancement of periodontal disease. 

Find out more about Atridox, the form of antibiotic we use in treatment.

Antibiotic Therapy

Root planing, or deep cleaning, removes plaque (live bacteria) and calculus from  gum pockets surrounding the teeth, and allows the gum to heal back to the root surface.

Root planing may eliminate the need for gum surgery, though surgical therapy may still be required depending on the severity of  bone loss and gum disease.

Read more about treating periodontal disease with Scaling and Root Planing on the ADA website.

Scaling & Root Planing


Often the only way to detect if you have Periodontal Disease is through a periodontal evaluation.

See our Periodontal Disease page for information on Periodontal Disease, which can result from lack of regular periodontal cleanings and examinations.

Regular cleanings can keep your gums free of disease and regular examinations may prevent disease from worsening with the prompt initiation of treatment, as described above and on the ADA website.

Dental x rays, which can be taken at examination and cleaning appointments, can help detect problems in your mouth that otherwise would not be seen.

Find out more about the importance of x rays from the ADA.

Periodontal Examination & Cleaning

To contact us call:


Periodontics & Implants, Ltd.

Richard C. Prendergast, D.D.S., M.S.


636 Church Street

Suite 707

Evanston, IL 60201